Timber joinery is a feature of New Zealand heritage architecture and is a relevant part of building and renovation today.
Timber joinery products can meet the requirements of the current Building Code if you know what to look out for. Following tried and trusted standards can give you confidence that you are following good practice.
Timber joinery provides many benefits:
- Higher thermal resistance compared to some commonly used building products.
- Condensation is reduced or eliminated with double-glazed timber joinery.
- Joinery details that closely mimic the traditional appearance of timber joinery, allowing replacement and renovation work to blend seamlessly.
- Surface coatings that can be repaired relatively easily on site and colours that can be changed to suit the client’s needs.
- Added design flexibility due to the relative ease in modifying timber profiles.
- Reduced carbon footprint as the product is manufactured from renewable timber resources, and with the proper maintenance, it can last 50-plus years.
In New Zealand, testing the weathertightness performance of individual windows and doors for external use is done using NZS 4211:2008 Specification for performance of windows. This standard also includes glazing systems.
Windows and doors that pass NZS 4211:2008 testing can be labelled as being in accordance with NZS 4211:2008. This includes the appropriate air leakage and wind zone rating for the product, as established through the testing.
Generally, when specifying windows and doors using NZS 4211:2008, the following steps should be taken:
- Establish the appropriate wind zone in accordance with NZS 3604:2011 Timber-framed buildings section 5.
- If the wind zone is beyond that given in NZS 3604:2011, see section 10 of NZS 4211:2008.
- Select a window that has been tested to NZS 4211:2008 and is labelled as suitable for the relevant wind zone.
Some NZS 4211:2008-compliant timber joinery suites have been tested beyond the extra high wind zone, so specifying these can give you additional confidence in performance.
Easy to identify NZS 4211:2008-compliant joinery
It is easy to tell the difference between NZS 4211:2008-compliant timber joinery and other timber joinery. NZS 4211:2008-compliant joinery will be fitted with identification tags that show relevant wind zone and air leakage ratings:
Example NZS4211:2008 compliant timber joinery tag
It also has a unique identification number that can be traced back to the original registered manufacturer. Tags are typically installed on the frame in the rebate of an operable door or window sash, like those found on fire doors.
Registered manufacturers of NZS 4211:2008-compliant timber joinery must work to a manufacturing standard to ensure quality. Structural members within the joinery are individually calculated using specialist software and engineered calculation charts. Timber species and size can be altered to ensure relevant wind zone requirements are met.
More information online
NZS 4211:2008 is one of the standards funded by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) to support Building Code compliance. The NZS 4211:2008 standard can be dowloaded free of charge on the Standards New Zealand website.
NZS 4211:2008-compliant timber joinery product and installation details can also be downloaded from the Joinery Manufacturers’ Federation website.
The documents available on the website outline opening trim preparation, flashing details, fixing methods and seal locations. They will assist in both detailing and installing timber joinery to appropriate standards.